astrocyte

Type: Keyphrase
Name: astrocyte
First reported 7 hours ago - Updated 7 hours ago - 1 reports

Hypoxia induces brain edema via CRFR1 and AQP4 [Neuroscience]

Shao-Jun Chen a , 1 , Jia-Fang Yang a , 1 , Fan-Ping Kong a , 1 , Ji-Long Ren a , Ke Hao a , Min Li a , Yuan Yuan a , Xin-Can Chen b , Ri-Sheng Yu c , Jun-Fa Li d , Gareth Leng e , Xue-Qun Chen a , 2 , and Ji-Zeng Du a , 2 a Division of Neurobiology ... [Published PNAS - 7 hours ago]
First reported 17 hours ago - Updated 17 hours ago - 1 reports

Hyperammonia induces specific liver injury through an intrinsic Ca2+-independent apoptosis pathway

Numerous pathological processes that affect liver function in patients with liver failure have been identified. Among them, hyperammonia is one of the most common phenomena.The purpose of this study was to determine whether hyperammonia could induced ... [Published 7thSpace - 17 hours ago]
First reported Aug 21 2014 - Updated Aug 21 2014 - 1 reports

Mouse model for epilepsy, Alzheimer's gives window into the working brain

PUBLIC RELEASE DATE: 21-Aug-2014(SALT LAKE CITY)—University of Utah scientists have developed a genetically engineered line of mice that is expected to open the door to new research on epilepsy, Alzheimer's and other diseases.The mice carry a protein ... [Published EurekAlert! - Aug 21 2014]
First reported Aug 21 2014 - Updated Aug 21 2014 - 1 reports

Inflammatory genes in neurodegeneration

Durrenberger PF, Fernando FS, Kashefi SN, Bonnert TP, Seilhean D, Nait-Oumesmar B, Schmitt A, Gebicke-Haerter PJ, Falkai P, Grünblatt E, Palkovits M, Arzberger T, Kretzschmar H, Dexter DT, Reynolds R.  Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation: ... [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 21 2014]
First reported Aug 20 2014 - Updated Aug 20 2014 - 1 reports

Astroglial Connexin43 Hemichannels Tune Basal Excitatory Synaptic Transmission

* , Chun-Yao Lee * , and Nathalie Rouach Neuroglial Interactions in Cerebral Physiopathology, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology, Collège de France,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7241, Institut ... [Published Journal of Neuroscience - Aug 20 2014]
First reported Aug 20 2014 - Updated Aug 20 2014 - 1 reports

Data from Vanderbilt University Provide New Insights into Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (The Role of Cytochrome P450 Epoxygenases in Retinal...

Data from Vanderbilt University Provide New Insights into Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (The Role of Cytochrome P450 Epoxygenases in Retinal Angiogenesis)By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Fresh data on Vascular Endothelial ... [Published 4 Traders - Aug 20 2014]
First reported Aug 18 2014 - Updated Aug 19 2014 - 1 reports

EPFL - The role of lactate in boosting memory

Release date- 17082014 - EPFL researchers have decoded the mechanism by which a glucose derivative activates receptors involved in memorization.Everyone knows that neurons are the key to how the brain operates. But it turns out they aren't the only stars ... [Published HispanicBusiness.com - Aug 18 2014]
Entities: EPFL, astrocyte, Neuron
First reported Aug 18 2014 - Updated Aug 18 2014 - 1 reports

Astrocytes and ALS

Brian Kaspar discusses the role of astrocyte cells in the motor neuron disease ALS. ... [Published PNAS - Aug 18 2014]
Entities: astrocyte
First reported Aug 15 2014 - Updated Aug 15 2014 - 1 reports

Blocking Glial Receptor Protects Motor Neurons in Culture and Mice

Neuron-supporting glial cells can rebel in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, turning against the very motor neurons they are supposed to nurse. Blocking the microglial prostanoid receptor DP1 alleviates this toxicity, according to a paper in the August 6 ... [Published Alzheimer Research Forum - Aug 15 2014]
First reported Aug 15 2014 - Updated Aug 15 2014 - 1 reports

Reactive astrocytes prove potential target for Alzheimer’s

DAEJEON, South Korea—A research team led by Dr. C. Justin Lee of the and Dr. Daesoo Kim of the has discovered that reactive astrocytes, which are commonly seen in Alzheimer’s disease patients, cause aberrant production of the inhibitory transmitter GABA ... [Published Drug Discovery News - Aug 15 2014]
First reported Aug 03 2014 - Updated Aug 04 2014 - 2 reports

Kadimastem jumps on Merck Serono collaboration [Globes, Tel Aviv, Israel :: ]

Aug. 03--Kadimastem LtdKadimastem will use its unique platform for Merck Serono, Merck's biopharmaceutical division, in the scanning of potential new drugs.Kadimasten has developed technologies for stem cell differentiation for oligodendrocytes, cells ... [Published BusinessWeek - Aug 03 2014]
First reported Jul 28 2014 - Updated Jul 29 2014 - 3 reports

Research Suggests Memory Relies on Brain Cells Called Astrocytes

A mice study suggests that memory may rely on brain cells called astrocytes.The mice with the modified astrocytes seemed perfectly healthy. But after several cognitive tests, the researchers found that they failed in one major area: novel object recognition. ... [Published MedIndia - Jul 29 2014]
Entities: astrocyte, Memory, Neuron

Quotes

"This is opening up the possibility to decipher how the brain works" said Petr Tvrdik, Ph D , a research fellow in human genetics and a senior author on the study
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Inhibition of CYP may provide a rational therapy against retinal NV, because it can reduce VEGF production and VEGF-induced angiogenic responses in endothelial cells."
"We have previously reported the presence of SBH in a rodent model of low level hypothyroidism induced by maternal exposure to the goitrogen, propylthiouracil (PTU). In the present study, we report the dose-response characteristics of this developmental malformation and the connectivity of heterotopic neurones with other brain regions, as well as their functionality. Pregnant rats were exposed to varying concentrations of PTU through the drinking water (0-10 p. p. m.) beginning on gestational day 6 to produce graded levels of TH insufficiency. Dose-dependent increases in the volume of the SBH present in the corpus callosum were documented in the adult offspring, with a clear presence at concentrations of PTU that resulted in minor (< 15%) reductions in maternal serum thyroxine as measured when pups were weaned. SBH contain neurones, oligo-dendrocytes, astrocytes and microglia. Monoaminergic and cholinergic processes were prevalent and many of the axons were myelinated. Anatomical connectivity of SBH neurones to cortical neurones and the synaptic functionality of these anatomical connections was verified by ex vivo field potential recordings. SBH persisted in adult offspring despite a return to euthyroid status on termination of exposure and these offspring displayed an increased sensitivity to seizures."
...Advanced Re and the Institute for Virus Re, has been awarded top honors in the German Innovation Award, Gottfried Wagener Prize 2014 for his re on "optogenetic control of neural stem cells in the adult brain"

More Content

All (131) | News (99) | Reports (0) | Blogs (31) | Audio/Video (0) | Fact Sheets (0) | Press Releases (1)
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Hypoxia induces brain edema via CRFR1 and AQP4 ... [Published PNAS - 7 hours ago]
Hyperammonia induces specific liver injury thro... [Published 7thSpace - 17 hours ago]
Alzheimer’s Brains Mottled with Epigenetic Changes [Published Alzheimer Research Forum - 23 hours ago]
Mouse model for epilepsy, Alzheimer's gives win... [Published EurekAlert! - Aug 21 2014]
Inflammatory genes in neurodegeneration [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 21 2014]
Astroglial Connexin43 Hemichannels Tune Basal E... [Published Journal of Neuroscience - Aug 20 2014]
Data from Vanderbilt University Provide New Ins... [Published 4 Traders - Aug 20 2014]
SYSTEM RESEARCH : Findings from Suny Downstate ... [Published 4 Traders - Aug 20 2014]
Program-Specific Associate Professor Itaru Imay... [Published Noodls - Aug 20 2014]
Positive Feedback Loop of Autocrine BDNF from M... [Published Sexual Development - Aug 19 2014]
Looking for origins of Alzheimer's disease to f... [Published Medical Xpress - Aug 19 2014]
Saving oligodendrocytes [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 19 2014]
Astrocytes and ALS [Published PNAS - Aug 18 2014]
Retinoic Acid Inhibited by a Protein in Some [Published Chemotherapy Advisor - Aug 18 2014]
EPFL - The role of lactate in boosting memory [Published HispanicBusiness.com - Aug 18 2014]
Blocking Glial Receptor Protects Motor Neurons ... [Published Alzheimer Research Forum - Aug 15 2014]
Reactive astrocytes prove potential target for ... [Published Drug Discovery News - Aug 15 2014]
Autoantibodies Associated with Prenatal and Chi... [Published Toxicological Sciences - Aug 14 2014]
Repair and regeneration of ocular tissue using ... [Published PharmCast - Aug 14 2014]
Recycling Endosomes Undergo Rapid Closure of a ... [Published Journal of Neuroscience - Aug 14 2014]
Ribosome Profiling Reveals a Cell-Type-Specific... [Published Journal of Neuroscience - Aug 14 2014]
Reports from Taipei Medical University Highligh... [Published HispanicBusiness.com - Aug 14 2014]
Stem cell therapy for central nerve system inju... [Published EurekAlert! - Aug 13 2014]
Cellular Dynamics International's (ICEL) CEO Bo... [Published Seeking Alpha - Aug 12 2014]
Peptides and methods for the treatment of gliom... [Published Free Patents Online - Aug 12 2014]
Phosphatidic acid promotes remyelination [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 12 2014]
Chronic Sleep Deprivation-Induced Proteome Cha... [Published Journal of Proteome Research - Aug 11 2014]
Kadimastem Links With Merck Serono For Drug Scr... [Published Bioresearch Online - Aug 08 2014]
Neuropathogenesis of Japanese Encephalitis in a... [Published Plosone.org - Aug 08 2014]
How do you get neural cells around the brain [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 07 2014]
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Blogs

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Inflammatory genes in neurodegeneration [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 21 2014]
Durrenberger PF, Fernando FS, Kashefi SN, Bonnert TP, Seilhean D, Nait-Oumesmar B, Schmitt A, Gebicke-Haerter PJ, Falkai P, Grünblatt E, Palkovits M, Arzberger T, Kretzschmar H, Dexter DT, Reynolds R.  Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation: ...
Saving oligodendrocytes [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 19 2014]
Vakilzadeh G, Khodagholi F, Ghadiri T, Darvishi M, Ghaemi A, Noorbakhsh F, Gorji A, Sharifzadeh M. Protective Effect of a cAMP Analogue on Behavioral Deficits and Neuropathological Changes in Cuprizone Model of Demyelination. Mol Neurobiol. 2014 Aug. ...
Phosphatidic acid promotes remyelination [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 12 2014]
Yamamoto S, Gotoh M, Kawamura Y, Yamashina K, Yagishita S, Awaji T, Tanaka M, Maruyama K, Murakami-Murofushi K, Yoshikawa K. Cyclic phosphatidic acid treatment suppress cuprizone-induced demyelination and motor dysfunction in mice. Eur J Pharmacol. 2014. ...
How do you get neural cells around the brain [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 07 2014]
Cohen ME, Fainstein N, Lavon I, Ben-Hur T.  Signaling through three chemokine receptors triggers the migration of transplanted neural precursor cells in a model of multiple sclerosis.  Stem Cell Res. 2014;13(2):227-239.Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multifocal ...
A astrocyte marker a target for autoimmunity in MS [Published Multiple Sclerosis Research - Aug 04 2014]
de Bock L, Somers K, Fraussen J, Hendriks JJ, van Horssen J, Rouwette M, Hellings N, Villar LM, Alvarez-Cermeño JC, Espiño M, Hupperts R, Jongen P, Damoiseaux J, Verbeek MM, De Deyn PP, D'hooghe M, Van Wijmeersch B, Stinissen P, Somers V.  Sperm-Associated ...
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Press Releases

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Amarantus CSO to Present on PhenoGuard Data at ... [Published GlobeNewswire: Acquisitions News - Apr 28 2014]
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