Last Updated: Sep 11 2009 - Able2Act


Biography for Palaniappan Chidambaram

Title: Union Minister of Home Affairs
Organisation: Government of India
Date of Birth: 1945-09-16
Place of Birth: Tamil Nadu
Nationality: India
General: Palaniappan Chidambaram, or PC, as he is popularly known in the Indian press, was born on September 16, 1945 in the village of Kanadukathan in Sivaganga District of Tamilnadu state, India. He studied at Presidency College, Chennai, India and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree and then received his Bachelor of Law degree from the Law college of the University of Madras, Chennai. He later went to the Harvard Business School where he took his Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree. In 1968, he married Nalini, a successful lawyer in her own right. They have a son, Karti P Chidambaram. Career as Lawyer: In 1969, he enrolled as an Advocate in the Madras High Court and established a successful law practice. He was designated as a Senior Advocate in 1984. He has chambers in Delhi and Madras and practices in the Supreme Court and in various High Courts in India. He has also appeared in a number of arbitration proceedings in India and abroad. Political career: Beginning as a member of the Congress Party, PC first got elected to Parliament from the Sivaganga constituency in Tamil Nadu in 1984 and became a Deputy Minister under the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Later, he held the Commerce & Finance portfolios in various governments.   In the elections held in 2004, United Progressive Alliance formed the Government and P Chidambaram once again became the Finance Minister. In 2008 he moved to the Home portfolio. As the home minister he has initiated steps to bring various agencies that are responsible for law and order together and work in a cohesive manner. Budget Initiative: Economists acclaim his "dream-budget" for 1996-97, in which he brought discipline in government spending and launched an ambitious tax reform programme to tackle an unwieldy fiscal deficit. His daring scheme to halt tax evasion, or Voluntary Income Disclosure Scheme, invited accolades. In the Budget of 2008, his move to waive off Farmers’ debt has played a role in boosting aggregate demand in the Indian economy, thereby effectively insulating India from the impact of recession.    
Family Background: Son of a prominent industrialist family from Madras
Education: Science and Law degrees  from Tamil Nadu MBA at Harvard University.
Professional Career: 1972 Member, All India Congress Committee (A.I.C.C.) 1973-1976 President, Youth Congress, Tamil Nadu 1976-1977 General-Secretary, Pradesh Congress Committee (P.C.C.), Tamil Nadu 1984 Elected to 8th Lok Sabha 1985 Joint Secretary, All India Congress Committee (Indira) [A.I.C.C. (I)] September 1985 Union Deputy Minister, Commerce 1985-1986 Union Deputy Minister, Personnel, Administrative Reforms, Training Public Grievances and Pensions 1986-1989 Union Minister of State, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions 1986-1989 Union Minister of State, Home Affairs (Internal Security) 1989 Re-elected to 9th Lok Sabha (2nd term) 1990 Member, Committee to review Lok Sabha Secretariat Rules, 1955 Member, Consultative Committee constituted under the `Punjab State Legislature (Delegation of Powers) Act, 1987 Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Finance 1990-1991 Member, Public Accounts Committee 1991 Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (3rd term) 1991-1992 and 1995-96  Union Minister of State, Commerce (Independent Charge) 1996 Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (4th term) 1996-1998 Union Minister, Finance (with additional charge of Law, Justice and Company Affairs, June 1996 and held charge of Company Affairs till April 1997) 1998 Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (5th term) 1998-1999 Member, Committee State Privileges Member, Committee on Finance Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of External Affairs 2004 Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (6th term) 23 May 2004- Union Cabinet Minister, Finance
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