Last Updated: Jan 15 2009 - Able2Act

Fact Sheet for Afghan National Police

Country: Afghanistan
Description: The process of reconstituting the national Afghan police force began with a conference in Berlin in February 2002. Donor nations settled on the need to create ?a multiethnic, sustainable, and countrywide 62,000-member professional police service.? Germany, the lead nation in the training of Afghan National Police (ANP), had built a force of more than 61,000 police by 2007 with training based at the Kabul Police Academy. Between 2002 and 2005, U.S. involvement in the creation of the ANP was under the auspices of the State Department and included more than $4.1 billion in funding. Since 2005, however, the U.S. responsibility for the ANP has shifted to the Department of Defense and since 2007 Germany?s primary role is being taken over by the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL). The 2005 handover of responsibility between the U.S. Departments of State and Defense resulted in an additional $2 billion of funding for equipment and increased pay for police. Currently, the U.S. military is involved in an extensive reform effort to retrain the ANP and increase its end size from 62,000 to 72,000 with $2.5 billion allocated for the effort.As the primary national law enforcement agency, the roles and responsibilities of the ANP are set forth in law. According to Article 5 of the Police Law, the roles of the ANP include:?Ensuring and maintaining public order and security; Ensuring and protecting the security and legal rights and freedoms of individuals and society; Preventing crime, discovering crimes and arresting suspects; Protecting public and private property; Fighting against the cultivation of poppies and marijuana, and the production and trafficking of illegal drugs; Fighting against organized crime and terrorism; Regulating road traffic; Responding to and assisting victims of natural disasters; and Safeguarding borders, preventing smuggling, and controlling check posts at borders and international airports.?OrganizationThe Afghan National Police falls under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior (MoI) and extends down to the district level, with a chief of police assigned to ?each of Afghanistan?s 34 provinces and approximately 400 districts.?[ Prior to 2006, the majority of provincial police chiefs reported directly to the MoI. In an effort to streamline the coordination of security and to diminish the influence of governors resistant to the authority of the central government, the ANP chain of command was changed. Five regional ANP commands, equivalent to the regional command structure of the Afghan National Army (ANA), were established in Kabul, Gardez, Kandahar, Herat, and Mazar-e Sharif. The chain of command now runs from ?1) the Minister of Interior, to 2) the Deputy Minister for Security Affairs, to 3) Regional Commanders, to 4) provincial Police Chief, to 5) district Chiefs of Police? and governors are specifically excluded from the ANP command structure.[Currently the ANP is composed of five formal divisions and one that is temporary. First, the Afghan Uniformed Police (AUP) is the largest branch and is responsible for the day-to-day law enforcement throughout Afghanistan. Under the revised strength figures, the total number of AUP will increase from 31,000 to 45,000. Responsibility for border security to include the prevention of border crossing by insurgents, drug trafficking and other forms of smuggling falls to the Afghan Border Police (ABP). The ABP is divided into eight brigades, but it is currently being restructured into five zones that correspond to the ANA/ANP Regional Commands. The ABP man 13 border checkpoints and patrol the border. At only 65 percent of its original authorized personnel strength, the ABP is facing serious manning problems especially due to the recent increase of total end strength from 12,000 to 18,000. Under the new figures, the ABP is only 44 percent manned. Created in 2006, the Afghan National Civil Order Police (ANCOP) is responsible for ?maintain[ing] civil order in Afghanistan?s seven largest cities, to provide a robust and mobile police presence in remote high-threat areas, and to serve as a rapid-reaction force to support other police in an emergency.? The Afghanistan Highway Police (AHP) were responsible for maintaining order and security along the country?s primary highways. While the AHP officially were phased out and ordered to integrate into the AUP, due in part to their ?corruption and ineffectiveness?, many refused to follow the redeployment orders. Counter-narcotics enforcement and investigation is the responsibility of the fifth formal branch or division of the ANP, the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA).In an attempt to deal with elevated security risks and increased insurgent and criminal activity, the Afghanistan National Auxiliary Police (ANAP) were formed. Officially, the ANAP are separate from the ANP and were designed as a ?quick fix? solution. Recruitment for the ANA was aimed at existing militias in local areas with some degree of loyalty to the government in Kabul. Members of the ANAP receive condensed training, but wear the same uniform as the ANP (with their own designation patch), receive the same monthly salary of US470 and sign a contract for one year. Presently, the ANAP is viewed as a temporary force, but it is likely that the members will be integrated into the regular ANP after their initial contract year.Progress and ObstaclesDespite achieving its original manning goals of 62,000, the ANP is beset by serious problems. First, the ANP has been described as ineffective, ill-trained and ill-equipped. This is due...

Compilation by Silobreaker
Although Silobreaker has relied on what it regards as reliable sources while compiling the content herein, Silobreaker cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, integrity or quality of such content and no responsibility is accepted by Silobreaker in respect of such content. Readers must determine for themselves what reliance they should place on the compiled content herein.

Related Stories

First reported 11 hours ago - Updated 11 hours ago - 1 reports

Afghan National Police Advisor team completes advising mission in Lashkar Gah, Afghanistan

THERNECK, Afghanistan -- The Marines of the Afghan National Police Advisor Team returned to Camp Leatherneck from Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, Afghanistan, June 27.The ANPAT, an advising team made up of approximately 20 Marines from all over the Marine ... [Published United States Marine Corps - 11 hours ago]
First reported 20 hours ago - Updated 10 hours ago - 1 reports

Pak supports peaceful democratic transition in Afghanistan

Home » Islamabad By Islamabad: Pakistan supports a peaceful democratic transition in Afghanistan and it has extended all possible support for the efforts aimed at holding peaceful elections.In this regard, we took several measures to enhance vigilance ... [Published Pakistan Press International - 20 hours ago]
First reported Jul 09 2014 - Updated Jul 09 2014 - 1 reports

35 Taliban Militants Killed in Afghan Operations

TEHRAN (FNA)- At least 35 Taliban militants were killed in military operations conducted by Afghan national security forces in various provinces of Afghanistan.The interior ministry of Afghanistan said in a statement that the militants were killed in ... [Published Fars News Agency - Jul 09 2014]
First reported Jul 09 2014 - Updated Jul 09 2014 - 1 reports

*U.N. Condemns Suicide Attack in Afghanistan

United Nations, Ramadan 12, 1435, July 09, 2014, SPA -- The top U.N. envoy in Afghanistan on Tuesday condemned a suicide bombing in the central province of Parwan that killed 12 civilians, including 10 children, and wounded eight.The Taliban detonated ... [Published Saudi Press Agency - Jul 09 2014]
First reported Jul 09 2014 - Updated 16 hours ago - 1 reports

U.S Department of State: Statement on Afghanistan

I have noted reports of protests in Afghanistan and of suggestions of a “parallel government” with the gravest concern. The United States expects Afghan electoral institutions to conduct a full and thorough review of all reasonable allegations ... ... [Published Scoop NZ - World - Jul 09 2014]
First reported Jul 08 2014 - Updated Jul 08 2014 - 1 reports

Afghan assassin wore police uniform

Four Czech soldiers killed in AfghanistanPrague, July 8 (ČTK) — The assassin who killed four Czech troops in a suicide attack in Afghanistan earlier today mingled with the crowd of the locals and wore the uniform of the Afghan national police, Czech chief ... [Published Prague Post - Jul 08 2014]
First reported Jul 08 2014 - Updated Jul 09 2014 - 1 reports

Afghanistan on the Verge of Joining Iraq as a Failed State

While the world’s eyes are turned to the Middle East, and specifically Iraq and Israel, in Central Asia Afghanistan is on the verge of suffering its own into a failed state. Thousands of people gathered in Kabul to support Abdullah Abdullah, who lost ... [Published Value Walk - Jul 08 2014]
First reported Jul 08 2014 - Updated Jul 08 2014 - 1 reports

Advising in Regional Command-South Part 1: EOD Team 1 stands as an example of relationship-focused advising

FORWARD OPERATING BASE WALTON, Afghanistan – Tech Sgt. Adam Burke of Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., is no stranger to solving difficult problems with dire consequences. An explosive ordnance disposal technician with 12 years and well over 100 defused improvised ... [Published DVIDS - Jul 08 2014]
First reported Jul 08 2014 - Updated Jul 08 2014 - 2 reports

US calls for probe into Afghanistan poll

Move comes amid claims of widespread fraud and as Abdullah Abdullah’s campaign branded the vote tally ‘a coup’ ... [Published - World, Asia Pacific - Jul 08 2014]
First reported Jul 07 2014 - Updated Jul 08 2014 - 1 reports

18 Taliban killed in operations

News Detail AT News ReportKABUL: As many as 18 Taliban militants were killed and another was injured following military operations carried out by Afghan national security forces in different parts of the country.The Ministry of Interior (MoI) said in ... [Published Afghanistan Times - Jul 07 2014]
First reported Jul 07 2014 - Updated Jul 07 2014 - 1 reports

*At least 20 killed in Afghanistan as election results expected

SPA - - At least five police, five civilians and 10 militantswere reported dead following separate Taliban attacks and agovernment airstrike in Afghanistan, officials said Monday, according to dpa."Armed men ambushed a police vehicle in Farsi district ... [Published Saudi Press Agency - Jul 07 2014]
First reported Jul 06 2014 - Updated Jul 06 2014 - 1 reports

Afghan National Police Advisor team completes advising mission in Lashkar Gah, Afghanistan

CAMP LEATHERNECK, Afghanistan – The Marines of the Afghan National Police Advisor Team returned to Camp Leatherneck from Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, Afghanistan, June 27.The ANPAT, an advising team made up of approximately 20 Marines from all over ... [Published DVIDS - Jul 06 2014]


sort by: Date | Relevance
Afghanistan: Code of Conduct underpins modern p... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Mar 03 2014]
Source: UN Development ProgrammeCountry: Afghanistan Highlights Through LOTFA, UNDP is supporting Afghanistan’s Ministry of Interior Affairs to encourage full adoption of the country’s first Code of Conduct for its national police force As of February ...
Face Of The Day [Published The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan - Feb 27 2014]
SGT Kevin Ingram from Wheeling, West Virginia with the U.S. Army’s 4th squadron 2d Cavalry Regiment comforts a puppy that had its ears cut off while visiting an Afghan National Police (ANP) outpost that was once home to Osama Bin Laden during a ...
Afghan National Police Vehicle Mechanics [Published USFORA - YouTube Channel - Mar 26 2014]
<a style="font-size: 15px; font-weight: bold;font-decoration: none;" href=""&gt;Afghan National Police Vehicle Mechanics Establishing self-sufficiency...the ability to stand on your own, ...
Afghanistan: Afghanistan’s first female distric... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Mar 10 2014]
Source: UN Development ProgrammeCountry: Afghanistan Afghanistan: Pioneering police chief paves way for women She was supposed to be an engineer. But Jamila Bayaz lasted a year studying engineering at Kabul University before finally convincing her family ...
Military Blows $3 Million on Boats for Afghanis... [Published Washington Free Beacon - Jun 12 2014]
The U.S. military spent more than $3 million on patrol boats for Afghanistan in 2010 and then quietly canceled the shipment several months later with no explanation, leaving costly patrol boats unused in a Virginia warehouse for the past several years, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...


sort by: Date | Relevance
Election season begins in Afghanistan [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Feb 02 2014]
Closed for business as Afghanistan awaits election [Published Reuters Video: Top News - May 16 2014]
Journalists shot in Afghanistan; one killed [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Apr 04 2014]
Obama says U.S. troops in Afghanistan will be u... [Published Reuters Video: Top News - May 27 2014]
Obama says U.S. troops in Afghanistan will be u... [Published Reuters Video: Top News - May 27 2014]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...

Press Releases

sort by: Date | Relevance
Council conclusions on Afghanistan [Published European Council - Press - EN - Jun 22 2014]
IOM Plans Future Aid for Northern Afghanistan L... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - May 06 2014]
IOM Helps Communities in Northern Afghanistan a... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Apr 29 2014]
IOM Afghanistan and Tajikistan Bring NGO Partne... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Jul 08 2014]
IOM Aid Rushed to Afghanistan Quake Site; 2,700... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - May 03 2014]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Contact Us

Freebase CC-BY Some image thumbnails are sourced from Freebase, licensed under CC-BY

Copyright (C) 2014 Silobreaker Ltd. All rights reserved.
The selection and placement of stories and images on any Silobreaker page are determined automatically by a computer program.
The time or date displayed reflects when an article was added to or updated in Silobreaker.