Last Updated: Jan 15 2009 - Able2Act

Fact Sheet for Afghan National Police

Country: Afghanistan
Description: The process of reconstituting the national Afghan police force began with a conference in Berlin in February 2002. Donor nations settled on the need to create ?a multiethnic, sustainable, and countrywide 62,000-member professional police service.? Germany, the lead nation in the training of Afghan National Police (ANP), had built a force of more than 61,000 police by 2007 with training based at the Kabul Police Academy. Between 2002 and 2005, U.S. involvement in the creation of the ANP was under the auspices of the State Department and included more than $4.1 billion in funding. Since 2005, however, the U.S. responsibility for the ANP has shifted to the Department of Defense and since 2007 Germany?s primary role is being taken over by the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL). The 2005 handover of responsibility between the U.S. Departments of State and Defense resulted in an additional $2 billion of funding for equipment and increased pay for police. Currently, the U.S. military is involved in an extensive reform effort to retrain the ANP and increase its end size from 62,000 to 72,000 with $2.5 billion allocated for the effort.As the primary national law enforcement agency, the roles and responsibilities of the ANP are set forth in law. According to Article 5 of the Police Law, the roles of the ANP include:?Ensuring and maintaining public order and security; Ensuring and protecting the security and legal rights and freedoms of individuals and society; Preventing crime, discovering crimes and arresting suspects; Protecting public and private property; Fighting against the cultivation of poppies and marijuana, and the production and trafficking of illegal drugs; Fighting against organized crime and terrorism; Regulating road traffic; Responding to and assisting victims of natural disasters; and Safeguarding borders, preventing smuggling, and controlling check posts at borders and international airports.?OrganizationThe Afghan National Police falls under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior (MoI) and extends down to the district level, with a chief of police assigned to ?each of Afghanistan?s 34 provinces and approximately 400 districts.?[ Prior to 2006, the majority of provincial police chiefs reported directly to the MoI. In an effort to streamline the coordination of security and to diminish the influence of governors resistant to the authority of the central government, the ANP chain of command was changed. Five regional ANP commands, equivalent to the regional command structure of the Afghan National Army (ANA), were established in Kabul, Gardez, Kandahar, Herat, and Mazar-e Sharif. The chain of command now runs from ?1) the Minister of Interior, to 2) the Deputy Minister for Security Affairs, to 3) Regional Commanders, to 4) provincial Police Chief, to 5) district Chiefs of Police? and governors are specifically excluded from the ANP command structure.[Currently the ANP is composed of five formal divisions and one that is temporary. First, the Afghan Uniformed Police (AUP) is the largest branch and is responsible for the day-to-day law enforcement throughout Afghanistan. Under the revised strength figures, the total number of AUP will increase from 31,000 to 45,000. Responsibility for border security to include the prevention of border crossing by insurgents, drug trafficking and other forms of smuggling falls to the Afghan Border Police (ABP). The ABP is divided into eight brigades, but it is currently being restructured into five zones that correspond to the ANA/ANP Regional Commands. The ABP man 13 border checkpoints and patrol the border. At only 65 percent of its original authorized personnel strength, the ABP is facing serious manning problems especially due to the recent increase of total end strength from 12,000 to 18,000. Under the new figures, the ABP is only 44 percent manned. Created in 2006, the Afghan National Civil Order Police (ANCOP) is responsible for ?maintain[ing] civil order in Afghanistan?s seven largest cities, to provide a robust and mobile police presence in remote high-threat areas, and to serve as a rapid-reaction force to support other police in an emergency.? The Afghanistan Highway Police (AHP) were responsible for maintaining order and security along the country?s primary highways. While the AHP officially were phased out and ordered to integrate into the AUP, due in part to their ?corruption and ineffectiveness?, many refused to follow the redeployment orders. Counter-narcotics enforcement and investigation is the responsibility of the fifth formal branch or division of the ANP, the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA).In an attempt to deal with elevated security risks and increased insurgent and criminal activity, the Afghanistan National Auxiliary Police (ANAP) were formed. Officially, the ANAP are separate from the ANP and were designed as a ?quick fix? solution. Recruitment for the ANA was aimed at existing militias in local areas with some degree of loyalty to the government in Kabul. Members of the ANAP receive condensed training, but wear the same uniform as the ANP (with their own designation patch), receive the same monthly salary of US470 and sign a contract for one year. Presently, the ANAP is viewed as a temporary force, but it is likely that the members will be integrated into the regular ANP after their initial contract year.Progress and ObstaclesDespite achieving its original manning goals of 62,000, the ANP is beset by serious problems. First, the ANP has been described as ineffective, ill-trained...

Compilation by Silobreaker
Although Silobreaker has relied on what it regards as reliable sources while compiling the content herein, Silobreaker cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, integrity or quality of such content and no responsibility is accepted by Silobreaker in respect of such content. Readers must determine for themselves what reliance they should place on the compiled content herein.

Related Stories

First reported 20 hours ago - Updated 20 hours ago - 1 reports

ANP graduation ceremony

Members of the Afghan National Police (ANP) march during their graduation ceremony at a police training centre on the outskirts of Jalalabad yesterday. ... [Published Qatar Peninsula - 20 hours ago]
First reported 20 hours ago - Updated 20 hours ago - 1 reports

Afghanistan: Afghanistan: Kapisa Province - Observed security incidents 2007 - 2013 for all the monitored categories (as of 21 Apr 2014)

Source: Information Management and Mine Action ProgramsCountry: Afghanistan ... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Maps - 20 hours ago]
First reported 22 hours ago - Updated 22 hours ago - 1 reports

Afghanistan: Back to school

Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: Afghanistan [ACTED News] – Amidst all the election turmoil and uncertainty about the nation’s future, ACTED teams in Afghanistan, are supporting 4,000 primary school girls to go back to ... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - 22 hours ago]
First reported 23 hours ago - Updated 4 hours ago - 2 reports

US reviewing plans for fewer troops in Afghanistan

White House reviewing several options for zero to 10,000 troops in Afghanistan next year ... [Published Omaha World-Herald - 23 hours ago]
First reported 23 hours ago - Updated 23 hours ago - 1 reports

Amnesty International's Recommendations for Afghanistan's Next President

Amnesty International released a list of recommendations for Afghanistan's next president on their website Monday evening addressing the basic human rights of the country.In the recommendation to the future president, Amnesty International asks that he ... [Published Tolo News - 23 hours ago]
First reported Apr 22 2014 - Updated 23 hours ago - 4 reports

Report: U.S. may leave fewer troops in Afghanistan | Military Times

The Obama administration is reportedly considering options to leave far fewer troops in Afghanistan after this year than the top U.S. and NATO commander for Afghanistan has recommended.The military believes a minimum of 10,000 U.S. troops must remain ... [Published DailyMe.Com - Apr 22 2014]
First reported Apr 21 2014 - Updated Apr 22 2014 - 4 reports

Four militants killed, eight captured in Afghanistan

At least four militants were killed and eight others were detained Tuesday as security forces stormed Taliban hideouts in Afghanistan, the country's interior ministry said. ... [Published Business Standard India - Apr 22 2014]
First reported Apr 22 2014 - Updated Apr 22 2014 - 1 reports

Speech: Afghanistan and its neighbourhood

“May God keep you away from the venom of the cobra, the teeth of the tiger, and the revenge of the Afghans.”Those aren’t my words. They were said by someone rather more important who had detailed firsthand experience of Afghanistan – Alexander the Gr ... [Published Department for Transport - Apr 22 2014]
First reported Apr 22 2014 - Updated Apr 22 2014 - 1 reports

US may cut its troops in Afghanistan to less than 10,000

Earlier, the US government believed that 10,000 would be the optimal number of American servicemen in Afghanistan for the Afghans to be able to form their own security forces. However, now, some US officials are saying that this number may be cut down ... [Published Voice of Russia - Apr 22 2014]
First reported Apr 21 2014 - Updated Apr 21 2014 - 1 reports

Afghanistan: Afghanistan Price Bulletin April 2014

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, World Food ProgrammeCountry: Afghanistan Wheat is the staple food for most Afghans, comprising more than 70 percent of their diet. Low-quality rice is a poor, but sometimes necessary, substitute. All markets ... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Apr 21 2014]
First reported Apr 21 2014 - Updated Apr 21 2014 - 1 reports

40 Taliban Militants Killed or Injured in Afghan Operations

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) bul April 21 - At least 40 Taliban militants were killed or injured following military operations by Afghan national security forces ... [Published MENAFN - Apr 21 2014]
First reported Apr 21 2014 - Updated Apr 21 2014 - 1 reports

Afghanistan; Secure Room For India, China Cooperation, Investment

Monday April 21, 2014Kabul (BNA) The impending with drawl of US and NATO troops from Afghanistan presents a compelling opportunity for strategic cooperation between India and China.Although bilateral relations between the two remain troubled by territorial ... [Published Bakhtar News Agency - Apr 21 2014]
Entities: Afghanistan, China, India


sort by: Date | Relevance
Afghanistan: Code of Conduct underpins modern p... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Mar 03 2014]
Source: UN Development ProgrammeCountry: Afghanistan Highlights Through LOTFA, UNDP is supporting Afghanistan’s Ministry of Interior Affairs to encourage full adoption of the country’s first Code of Conduct for its national police force As of February ...
Face Of The Day [Published The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan - Feb 27 2014]
SGT Kevin Ingram from Wheeling, West Virginia with the U.S. Army’s 4th squadron 2d Cavalry Regiment comforts a puppy that had its ears cut off while visiting an Afghan National Police (ANP) outpost that was once home to Osama Bin Laden during a ...
Afghan National Police Vehicle Mechanics [Published USFORA - YouTube Channel - Mar 26 2014]
<a style="font-size: 15px; font-weight: bold;font-decoration: none;" href=""&gt;Afghan National Police Vehicle Mechanics Establishing self-sufficiency...the ability to stand on your own, ...
Afghanistan: Afghanistan’s first female distric... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Mar 10 2014]
Source: UN Development ProgrammeCountry: Afghanistan Afghanistan: Pioneering police chief paves way for women She was supposed to be an engineer. But Jamila Bayaz lasted a year studying engineering at Kabul University before finally convincing her family ...
Afghanistan: Afghanistan in March 2014 [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Apr 16 2014]
Source: British & Irish Agencies Afghanistan GroupCountry: Afghanistan Our monthly 2-page summary of the main developments and news from Afghanistan. March saw the Afghan journalist community boycotting Taliban news following the murder of 2 of their ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...


sort by: Date | Relevance
Election season begins in Afghanistan [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Feb 02 2014]
Women at risk in Afghanistan [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Jan 05 2014]
Journalists shot in Afghanistan; one killed [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Apr 04 2014]
Campaigning ends in Afghanistan [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Apr 02 2014]
65 prisoners in Afghanistan freed [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Feb 13 2014]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...

Press Releases

sort by: Date | Relevance
Promoting confidence in Afghanistan’s future [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Dec 17 2013]
IOM helps Afghanistan Disaster Management Autho... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Dec 03 2013]
Defense Logistics Agency delivers Christmas mea... [Published Auto & Transportation - Dec 20 2013]
Defense Logistics Agency delivers Thanksgiving ... [Published Auto & Transportation - Nov 21 2013]
Expanded Fertility Treatment Discounts for Vete... [Published Auto & Transportation - Nov 13 2013]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Contact Us

Freebase CC-BY Some image thumbnails are sourced from Freebase, licensed under CC-BY

Copyright (C) 2014 Silobreaker Ltd. All rights reserved.
The selection and placement of stories and images on any Silobreaker page are determined automatically by a computer program.
The time or date displayed reflects when an article was added to or updated in Silobreaker.