Last Updated: May 10 2009 - Silobreaker

Fact Sheet for Government of Syria

General: At the national level, the Syrian political body is represented by the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.   The president is the head of state and is directly elected every seven years.   The 1973 Constitution gives the president executive powers to appoint all vice-presidents, the prime minister, and the council of ministers.   The president is the commander in chief of the armed forces and the secretary general of the Baath Party.  President Dr. Bashar al-Assad is currently serving his first seven year term as president. The council of ministers serves the president and is made-up of Baath and other party members. The legislative body is the Majlis al-Shaab (People’s Assembly), a 250-member body that is directly elected by the people for a four-year term. The People’s Assembly represents various political parties, with the majority being the National Progressive Front (NPF) which is dominated by the members of the Baath Party. Six political parties form the NPF: POLITICAL PARTIES   Arab Socialist Baath Party   Arab Socialist Union Party   Arab Socialist Party   Communist Party of Syria   Union Socialist Party   Union Socialist Democratic Party   The NPF controls the majority of the 250 seats. The People’s Assembly does not initiate laws, however, its views on economic matters are considered by the policy makers. The Judicial System is based on the 1973 Constitution with the Supreme Constitutional Court being established as the head body of this system. The Supreme Constitutional Court is comprised of a chief justice and four justices whom are appointed by presidential decree for a period of four years. The Syrian courts of law are divided into two juridical court systems: JURIDICAL COURT   Courts of General Jurisdiction   Administrative Courts  
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foreign fighters in Syria

Entities: Syria
First reported 4 hours ago - Updated 4 hours ago - 1 reports

Israel likely to respond to jihadist or Hizbullah gains in Syria border area with artillery and airstrikes

Mortar bombs landed in Israel during fighting between Syrian government forces and Jabhat al-Nusra rebels in Syria's Quneitra province on 1 September.The fighting followed Jabhat al-Nusra's seizure of the Quneitra crossing point between Israel and Syria ... [Published Jane's - 4 hours ago]
First reported 11 hours ago - Updated 58 mins ago - 1 reports

UN agency says it provided food for record 4.1 million people inside Syria in August

The U.N. agency says it was able to reach more people because of a Security Council resolution adopted in July that authorized the movement of humanitarian aid to Syrians in rebel-held areas without government approval. The aid is moved through crossings ... [Published - 11 hours ago]
First reported 11 hours ago - Updated 11 hours ago - 1 reports

France, UK going mad over Syria

This file photo shows ISIL Takfiris in the Syrian city of Raqqa.Perhaps the most surprising of all reactions has come from French President Francois Hollande on Thursday, 28 August. Befuddled by his own hypocritical stance on terrorism in Syria, he recently ... [Published Islam Times - 11 hours ago]
First reported 21 hours ago - Updated 21 hours ago - 1 reports

Increasing aid access into Syria – building confidence, cooperation & security

"A step change in access is still required that will make a meaningful difference in the lives of those who suffer in the Syrian Arab Republic." The UN now having the ability to enter Syria is a huge breakthrough but the humanitarian situation is still ... [Published Amnesty International UK - 21 hours ago]
First reported Sep 01 2014 - Updated 12 hours ago - 2 reports

IS used cluster munitions in Syria

Islamic State fighters have used ground-fired cluster munitions in at least one location in northern Syria in recent weeks, Human Rights Watch said today.In a statement released earlier, the organisation said: "The use of cluster munitions by non-state ... [Published Middle East Monitor - Sep 01 2014]
First reported Sep 01 2014 - Updated Sep 01 2014 - 1 reports

Iran welcomes formation of new Syrian government

Tehran, Sept 1, IRNA – Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Marzieh Afkham on Monday welcomed formation of new government in Syria and congratulated the Syrian president and nation on the decision. ... [Published Islamic Republic News Agency - Sep 01 2014]
First reported Sep 01 2014 - Updated Sep 01 2014 - 1 reports

To Beat ISIS, Focus on Syria

LONDON — The battlefield successes of ISIS[1] in Iraq, and renewed American military action there, have turned attention back to Syria[2]. It was there that ISIS originally ramped up its appeal while fighting against the Syrian government. Today, ISIS ... [Published DailyMe.Com - Sep 01 2014]
First reported Aug 31 2014 - Updated Sep 01 2014 - 2 reports

NGO: 42 Syrian children killed by Assad air raids

At least 42 children have been killed in government air strikes and shelling across Syria in the last 36 hours, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said Sunday.The Britain-based Observatory said 25 children had been killed between ... [Published Middle East Eye - Sep 01 2014]
First reported Sep 01 2014 - Updated Sep 01 2014 - 2 reports

Assad swears in new Syrian government

cture: AFP Damascus. Syrian President Bashar Assad has sworn in the country’s new government at a ceremony in Damascus, PressTV reported Monday, as cited by RIA Novosti .At a ceremony held Sunday, Assad urged the ministers to “provide a new vision” ... [Published Focus Bulgaria - Sep 01 2014]
First reported Sep 01 2014 - Updated Sep 01 2014 - 2 reports

Explosions rock Damascus suburb

You need Javascript and either Adobe Flash 9 or Html5 to view this video.Syrian government soldiers advance on the Jobar neighborhood of Damascus, where they killed several rebels engaged in heavy fighting, according to the Syrian army.Gavino Garay r ... [Published Times of Malta - Sep 01 2014]
First reported Aug 31 2014 - Updated Sep 01 2014 - 3 reports

Israel downs drone from Syria over occupied Golan: army

Jerusalem (AFP) - Israel downed a drone over the occupied Golan Heights on Sunday, the army said, amid mounting tension on the UN-patrolled armistice line with Syria on the strategic plateau.Air defences "successfully intercepted an unmanned aerial vehicle ... [Published Yahoo! News - Aug 31 2014]


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U.S. sanctions three companies for aiding Syria... [Published Latest Econwatch Headlines - CBS News - Jul 09 2014]
One oil company from the UAE and two Syrian-based companies added to list of nearly 200 individuals and entities punished by Treasury Department ...
Syrian government to take part in peace talks [Published Air Force Times - News - Feb 07 2014]
The Syrian government announced Friday it will take part in a second round of peace talks in Geneva next week, as a first batch of civilians prepared to leave besieged rebel-held areas in a battleground Syrian city under an evacuation deal struck with ...
Dozens killed as IS launch multiple attacks on ... [Published The Malaysian Insider - Jul 25 2014]
Dozens of people have been killed in 24 hours of clashes in northern Syria between regime forces and jihadist militants, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Friday.The watchdog reported on Thursday that the Islamic State (IS) group had launched ...
Syrian Arab Republic: Syria government forces t... [Published ReliefWeb - Latest Updates - Mar 08 2014]
Source: Reuters - AlertNetCountry: Syrian Arab Republic By Alexander Dziadosz BEIRUT, March 8 (Reuters) - Syrian government forces seized a village in the central Homs province on Saturday, state media and a monitoring group said, as part of a push for ...
US says UN report lays blame on Syrian governme... [Published The Malaysian Insider - Mar 26 2014]
A UN report on how Syria's neediest civilians are often not accessible to humanitarian relief workers makes it clear that the government of President Bashar al-Assad shoulders most of the blame, a US official said yesterday.A month after the 15-member ...
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Syria seeks international help to fight Islamic... [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Aug 25 2014]
Explosions, gunfire in Syria [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Aug 30 2014]
Fierce fighting in Syria [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Mar 24 2014]
Explosions rock Damascus suburb [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Sep 01 2014]
Wave of violence in Syria's Idlib [Published Reuters Video: Top News - May 29 2014]
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Press Releases

sort by: Date | Relevance
Syria: EU economic sanctions extended until 1 J... [Published European Council - Press - EN - May 28 2014]
IOM struggles to maintain lifesaving operations... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Mar 14 2014]
Council scales up humanitarian assistance for S... [Published European Council - Press - EN - Jul 28 2014]
Syrian amputee children to get new lease of lif... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Mar 14 2014]
Syrian Amputee Children to Get New Lease of Lif... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Mar 14 2014]
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