Last Updated: May 10 2009 - Silobreaker


Fact Sheet for Government of Syria

General: At the national level, the Syrian political body is represented by the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.   The president is the head of state and is directly elected every seven years.   The 1973 Constitution gives the president executive powers to appoint all vice-presidents, the prime minister, and the council of ministers.   The president is the commander in chief of the armed forces and the secretary general of the Baath Party.  President Dr. Bashar al-Assad is currently serving his first seven year term as president. The council of ministers serves the president and is made-up of Baath and other party members. The legislative body is the Majlis al-Shaab (People’s Assembly), a 250-member body that is directly elected by the people for a four-year term. The People’s Assembly represents various political parties, with the majority being the National Progressive Front (NPF) which is dominated by the members of the Baath Party. Six political parties form the NPF: POLITICAL PARTIES   Arab Socialist Baath Party   Arab Socialist Union Party   Arab Socialist Party   Communist Party of Syria   Union Socialist Party   Union Socialist Democratic Party   The NPF controls the majority of the 250 seats. The People’s Assembly does not initiate laws, however, its views on economic matters are considered by the policy makers. The Judicial System is based on the 1973 Constitution with the Supreme Constitutional Court being established as the head body of this system. The Supreme Constitutional Court is comprised of a chief justice and four justices whom are appointed by presidential decree for a period of four years. The Syrian courts of law are divided into two juridical court systems: JURIDICAL COURT   Courts of General Jurisdiction   Administrative Courts  
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Related Stories

First reported 12 hours ago - Updated 5 hours ago - 2 reports

US horrified by reports of barbaric attack on Syria displaced camp

Thursday 30th October, 2014WASHINGTON: The United States said Wednesday (Oct 30) it was "horrified" by reports the Syrian government dropped barrel bombs on a displaced persons camp in the northwestern province of Idlib, calling the attack "barbaric."The ... [Published Austinnews.net - 6 hours ago]
Entities: Attack, Displacement, Syria
First reported 13 hours ago - Updated 13 hours ago - 1 reports

‘US must stop backing Syria Takfiris’

A senior Iranian diplomat has censured the United States for supporting the Takfiri groups operating against the Syrian government, saying Washington should “reconsider” such policies. In a Wednesday meeting with Deputy UN Secretary General Jan Eliasson ... [Published Press tv - 13 hours ago]
First reported 16 hours ago - Updated 16 hours ago - 1 reports

Turbulent Economy in Syria Due to Civil War

The effect of the 3 ½ year civil war in Syria is rippling through its economy with many in business worried about not being able to pay for increased costs, which will push them out of business.Earlier in October, the Syrian government increased the price ... [Published Mideast Time - 16 hours ago]
First reported 21 hours ago - Updated 17 hours ago - 2 reports

Dozens killed in Syria barrel bomb 'massacre' - Middle East

At least 60 people have been killed and dozens injured after a Syrian government helicopter dropped two barrel bombs on a camp for people displaced by fighting in the country's north, charring some bodies beyond recognition. The bombs were dropped on ... [Published DailyMe.Com - 20 hours ago]
Entities: Massacre, Bomb, Syria
First reported 20 hours ago - Updated 20 hours ago - 1 reports

Mikdad: “Moderate opposition” are terrorist organizations that have killed Syrians

Damascus, SANA-Deputy Foreign and Expatriates Minister Dr. Fayssal Mikdad said counter-terrorism and enhancing local reconciliations are the Syrian government’s key goals in the current stage.“The entire world is left with two choices: either to back ... [Published Syrian Arab News Agency - 20 hours ago]
First reported 21 hours ago - Updated 17 hours ago - 1 reports

Lavrov: Anti-IS Airstrikes in Syria Without Damascus Approval Violate International Law

MOSCOW, October 29 (RIA Novosti) - Airstrikes by the US-led coalition against the Islamic State group in Syria without the approval of the country's official government contradict international law, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Wednesd ... [Published Russia Profile - 21 hours ago]
First reported 21 hours ago - Updated 21 hours ago - 1 reports

Moscow: Efforts should be unified to combat international terrorism

Moscow, SANA-Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov affirmed the importance of war against terrorism and the respect for the peoples’ rights and culture, referring to his country’s willingness to help find political solutions to the crises in the wor ... [Published Syrian Arab News Agency - 21 hours ago]
First reported 21 hours ago - Updated 21 hours ago - 1 reports

A fourth life has been lost in Syria

One is too many, but now we have seen four Sussex residents lose their lives after taking an active involvement in the blood-stained battlegrounds of Syria. ... [Published Brighton & Hove Argus - 21 hours ago]
Entities: Syria
First reported Oct 29 2014 - Updated Oct 29 2014 - 2 reports

Islamic State fights Syrian army for gas field, kills 30 - monitor

Eggs were thrown at the police guarding the Federal Court today by a group of supporters of PKR de facto leader Anwar Ibrahim, who then tried to storm the barricade around the court complex. …DNA samples will degrade if they are not immediately frozen, ... [Published Yahoo! Malaysia - Oct 29 2014]
First reported Oct 28 2014 - Updated Oct 29 2014 - 1 reports

Assad in Washington's crosshairs

An American antiwar activist says the United States wants to eliminate independent governments in the Middle East and at present the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is in its crosshairs. Joe Iosbaker, a leader of the United National Antiwar ... [Published Press tv - Oct 28 2014]
First reported Oct 28 2014 - Updated Oct 28 2014 - 1 reports

Kobane, as seen through the eyes of an Islamist rebel leader in Syria

Zahran Alloush (second to left), military leader of the Islamic Front, attends a press conference in Ghouta outsideDamascus on August 27, 2014 (AFP)The leader of a powerful Islamist rebel coalition in Syria said on Monday he planned to “liberate” the ... [Published Middle East Eye - Oct 28 2014]
First reported Oct 28 2014 - Updated Oct 28 2014 - 1 reports

Sister on UK medic's Syria death

Sara Khan, the sister of a British doctor who was unlawfully killed in Syria, has said she wants see the Syrian authorities held accountable for his death at the International Criminal Court.Dr Abbas Khan, 32, a father-of-two from south London, died on ... [Published BBC - Oct 28 2014]
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U.S. sanctions three companies for aiding Syria... [Published Latest Econwatch Headlines - CBS News - Jul 09 2014]
One oil company from the UAE and two Syrian-based companies added to list of nearly 200 individuals and entities punished by Treasury Department ...
Dozens killed as IS launch multiple attacks on ... [Published The Malaysian Insider - Jul 25 2014]
Dozens of people have been killed in 24 hours of clashes in northern Syria between regime forces and jihadist militants, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Friday.The watchdog reported on Thursday that the Islamic State (IS) group had launched ...
Syrian government strikes on Islamic State stro... [Published Air Force Times - News - Sep 06 2014]
Syria launched a series of airstrikes targeting a stronghold of the Islamic State extremist group on Saturday, killing at least 25 people, most of whom died when one of the missiles slammed into a crowded bakery, activists said. ...
Syrian government says it's retaken key city ne... [Published Greenspace - Sep 25 2014]
The Syrian government said Thursday that its forces had taken back the strategic industrial city of Adra just northeast of Damascus, ending its almost yearlong occupation by rebels. ...
HRW says ‘strong evidence’ Syrian g... [Published The Malaysian Insider - May 13 2014]
Evidence "strongly suggests" Syria's government used chlorine gas on three towns in mid-April in violation of the chemical weapons treaty it joined last year, Human Rights Watch said today.The New York-based watchdog cited interviews with witnesses and ...
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Audio/Video

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Syrian government launches attacks on major cities [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Sep 12 2014]
Syria seeks international help to fight Islamic... [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Aug 25 2014]
Explosions, gunfire in Syria [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Aug 30 2014]
Airstrikes in Syria [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Sep 08 2014]
Explosions rock Damascus suburb [Published Reuters Video: Top News - Sep 01 2014]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...

Press Releases

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Better health to all despite the difficult cond... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Sep 26 2014]
Syria: EU economic sanctions extended until 1 J... [Published European Council - Press - EN - May 28 2014]
Council scales up humanitarian assistance for S... [Published European Council - Press - EN - Jul 28 2014]
Better Health to All Despite the Difficult Cond... [Published IOM Press Briefing Notes - Sep 26 2014]
Strengthening the Rule of Law in Syria [Published ILAC - International Legal Assistance Consortium - Sep 18 2014]
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